鄂伦春族是中国东北部地区人口最少的少数民族之一,是狩猎民族,因此他们的衣食住行及歌舞等方面都显示了狩猎民族特点。 主要居住在大兴安岭山林地带,使用鄂伦春语 ,鄂伦春语属阿尔泰语系—通古斯语族通古斯语支,没有文字。 在长期的狩猎生产和社会实践中,鄂伦春人创造了丰富多彩的精神文化,有口头创作、音乐、舞蹈、造型艺术等 。

Oroqen, a hunting nation, is one of the minorities which have less population in North-east China. The Oroqen people lives on hunting that could be seen through their basic necessities in daily life and their songs and dances. Their main residence is the forest zone in Daxing’an Mountains. They speak Oroqen language, which is a branch of Tungus subfamily from Altay language family. It has no characters. During the long term hunting and social practice, the Oroqen people creates variety of spiritual culture including oral creation, music, dance, plastic arts and so on.

鄂伦春是一个讲唱文学十分发达的民族,包括传说、故事、神话、谚语、谜语、歌谣、笑话、歇后语等。长篇讲 唱文学“摩苏昆”是鄂伦春族民间文学的珍品。“摩苏昆”以说唱结合的形式,讲唱“莫日根”的英雄故事和苦难的身世,可以讲唱数天或数 十天。“摩苏昆”的语言流畅、押韵、精练、朴实,曲调起伏变化不大,非常悦耳动听,带有浓郁的民族传统韵味。

Oroqen is a developed nation in singing literature, which includes legend, story, myth, proverb, riddle, ballad, joke and allegorical saying. The long singing literature “Mosukun” is the treasure of Oroqen folk literature. It tells the stories of “Morigen”heroes and their tragic stories in talking and singing, and it could last for a few days or even more. The “Mosukun” is fluent, rhyming, refined and plain. The melody is very gentle, beautiful and full of traditional flavor.